Slide #1

As you can see from this diagram in the video
back pain can be:

  • Specific
  • Nonspecific and
  • Referred

Based on the diagram, referred back can be even further broken down into
somatic referred & visceral referred back pain.

Slide #2

Let’s look at specific versus nonspecific back pain.
With specific low back pain, usually there is an identifiable cause.
for example:

  • Fractures
  • Cancer
  • An infection etc.

In the case of nonspecific back pain, usually there is no identifiable cause.
In fact, this accounts for approximately 90% of all back pain.

Slide #3

Finally, with referred back pain,the pain can be referred to,and perceived in, an area far away from the actual source of the pain.

Visceral pain is a pain arising from a body organ. For example, the pain felt in the arm that’s associated with a myocardial infarction(or a heart attack) is considered a visceral referred pain.

An example of somatic referred pain is (diffuse pain) felt in the buttock or leg that’s associated with low back pain.


1.Lynn S. Bickley; BATES Guide to Physical Examination And History Taking 9th Ed.
2.American College of Sports Medicine’s Resources for Clinical Exercise Physiology 2nd Ed.


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